A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Complete Biography complete
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was the best a prominent Indian scientist who served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. Famous for his significant role in the nation’s civilian space program and military missile development, he was known as the Missile Man of India.
He made significant contributions to India’s Pokhran-2 nuclear tests in 1998 which established him as a national hero. Kalam began his career as a scientist at the Aeronautical Development Establishment of the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO). He was later transferred to the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) where he served as the Project Director of India’s first Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III). After that, He rejoined DRDO and became closely involved in India’s space program. As we know that A.P.J. Abdul Kalam is one of the great person in India.
He served as the Chief Scientific Adviser to the Prime Minister in the 1990s before becoming President of India in 2002. Extremely popular during his tenure, he earned money as People’s President. He was awarded several awards including Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honor, for his contribution to the country’s space and nuclear program.
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Biography in English
Name- A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
Born 15 October 1931
Death July 27, 2015
Birthplace Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, India
Education St. Joseph’s College, Tiruchirappalli
Madras Institute of Technology
President 25 July 2002 – 25 July 2007
Childhood and early life
He was born on 15 October 1931 in Rameswaram into a Muslim family. His father Jainulabuddin was the owner of a boat, while his mother Aashiyamma was a housewife. Kalam had four elder siblings.
Although his ancestors were businessmen, his family was struggling with poverty at the time of birth.
Even though the family was not financially well, the children were raised in a loving environment. Decades later, in one of the books Kalam wrote, he remembered how his mother used to feed his children with love and starve himself.
He was a good student and always keen to know how it happened. Once upon a time, When he was ten years old, one of his teachers, Shiva Subramanya Iyer, took the students to the seashore and asked them to observe the birds in flight.
After completing his studies at Schwartz Higher Secondary School, he graduated in science in 1954 at Saint Joseph’s College, Tiruchirapalli. Dreaming of his childhood, he traveled to Madras to study aerospace engineering at the Madras Institute of Technology.
Starting his career:
During his third year, he, along with some other students, was assigned a project to design a low-level attack aircraft. The project was a difficult one and on that topic, his guide gave him a very tight deadline. (very tight deadline) Youth working together under heavy pressure, and finally managed to achieve the target within the stipulated time frame. The guide was completely impressed with Kalam’s dedication.
On this occasion, Kalam was keen to become a fighter pilot. However, he could not make this dream come true.
A career as a scientist
APJ Abdul Kalam received his degree from Madras Institute of Technology in 1957 and joined the Aeronautical Development Foundation of Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) in 1958 as a scientist.
In the early 1960s, he worked with the Indian Space Research Committee (INCOSPAR) under the noted space scientist Vikram Sarabhai. He also designed a small hovercraft in DRDO.
Visit for Research
He visited the Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia, NASA. Visited the Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, and Wallops Flight in 1963–64. Inspired by the visit, he began working independently on an expandable rocket project at DRDO in 1965.
Not satisfaction of DRDO
However, he was not overly satisfied with his work at DRDO and was happy to move to the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) in 1969. He served as Project Director of SLV-III, India’s first indigenously designed and built satellite.
In the 1970s, he began efforts to develop the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV). Developed to allow India to launch its Indian Remote Sensing (IRS) satellites in sun-synchronous orbits, the country’s Pulsav project was an ultimate success; It was first launched on 20 September 1993.
APJ Kalam also directed several other projects, including Project Valiant in the 1970s. Project Devil was an early liquid-fueled missile project aimed at producing short-range surface-to-air missiles. The project did not succeed for long and was discontinued in the 1980s. However, the Prithvi missile developed in the 1980s.
In the early 1980s, the Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP) of the Indian Ministry of Defense was launched by DRDO in partnership with other government organizations. Kalam was asked to lead the project and thus returned to DRDO in 1983 as the Chief Executive Officer of IGMDP. The program, which received tremendous political support with the aim of concurrent development of four projects:
Short-range surface-to-surface missile (code-named Prithvi)
Short-range surface-to-surface missile (code-named Prithvi)
Short-range low-level surface-to-air missile (code-named Trishul),
Short-range surface-to-air missile (code-named Trishul)
medium-range surface-to-air missile (code-named Akash)
Medium-range surface-to-air missile (code-named Akash)
Third-generation anti-tank missile (code-named Nag).
And third-generation anti-tank missile (cod named Nag).
IGMDP proved that Kalam is the great person and then IGMDP to be a resounding success under Kalam’s skilled leadership and produced several successful missiles including the first Prithvi missile in 1988 and the Agni missile in 1989. His achievements as IGMDP Director A.P.J. Abdul Kalam earned the nickname “Missile Man”.
His increased involvement with government agencies led to his appointment as Scientific Advisor to the Defense Minister in 1992. He was appointed as the Principal Scientific Adviser to the Government of India with the rank of Cabinet Minister, In 1999.
In the late 1990s, he played a major role in conducting the Pokharan-2, a series of five atomic bomb test explosions at the Indian Army’s Pokhran Test Range in May 1998. After the success of these tests, who gave Kalam a national hero bana. The national hero, the then Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, declared India a complete nuclear state.
Brilliant scientist of APJ Abdul Kalam
Apart from being a brilliant scientist, APJ Abdul Kalam was also a visionary. In 1998, he proposed a nationwide plan called Technology Vision 2020 to serve as an action plan to make India a developed nation by the year 2020. He put forward several suggestions, including nuclear empowerment, technological innovation, and improved agricultural productivity.
In 2002, the National Democratic Alliance (NDA), which was in power at the time, expressed its decision to nominate APJ Abdul Kalam for the President of India to succeed President KR Narayanan. Both the Samajwadi Party and Nationalist Congress Party supported her candidature.